(Vulpes vulpes). Patient Number 23-91.
Date of admission: May 1, 2023.
Reason for admission: Infection and emaciated.
Red foxes are highly adaptable creatures that thrive in diverse habitats, including forests, grasslands, and urban areas. In Alberta, they can be found across various landscapes. They prefer habitats with a mix of open areas for hunting and dense vegetation for cover, utilizing burrows and crevices as shelters and den sites. Red foxes have recently been observed coexisting with human populations, often establishing dens in suburban areas and making use of available resources. These omnivores have a varied diet, including vegetation, insects, and eggs. Small mammals such as voles, mice, and rabbits form a significant portion of their diet. Additionally, red foxes are skilled hunters and agile predators, capable of catching birds, reptiles, and amphibians. They also consume plant matter, such as fruits, berries, and grasses. Their ability to adapt their diet to available food sources contributes to their success in various habitats.
The life cycle of a red fox involves breeding in winter, with females giving birth to a litter of 4 to 6 pups in an underground den. The pups stay in the den, growing stronger and learning from their parents. As they mature, they begin exploring and developing hunting skills. By autumn, they become independent and learn to fend for themselves. Red foxes adapt to winter by growing thicker fur and becoming more active at night, as they are nocturnal animals. They establish territories and typically live for 3 to 4 years, utilizing their intelligence and adaptability to flourish.
This female fox kit was rescued from Rocky View County, Alberta, near AIWC. She was found weak and unresponsive in a field at a very young age. The rest of her family lived on the property, but she was believed to be the orphaned runt of the litter due to her size and malnourishment. She is improving daily, but still requires treatment and is being monitored for her vision and growth, as she has remained small for her age. However, she will stay with us until she makes a complete recovery and is ready to be released back into the wild. Thank you for supporting her care!